Bangladesh is a country which falls in the Indo Pakistan Sub Continent and it is the fourth largest Muslim country in the world with the Muslim population of 148.6 million. It is approximately 90% of the total population of the country.
The Mughals conquered Bengal in the early 13th century. Syed Shanasiruddin who was a citizen of Iraq entered Bengal with the aim to propagate Islam in the region. The Arab population in their respective countries came in contact with Bengal business and religious community, established trade and religious ties primarily using the sea routes and touching the port of Chittagong in Bangladesh.
Islam started gaining ground in the region from the beginning of the 13th century and continued converting non-Muslims to Muslims for centuries. In this region, the non-Muslims were the people who were more convinced for adopting Islam as their religion. These people adopted Islam in groups rather than in the individual capacity.
Baitul Mukkaram mosque is based in the center of the Bangladesh capital Dhaka. It was completed in 1968 and it is considered as a countrywide memorial. When the mosque was built, its capacity to accommodate the people was 30,000 but as the time past, the mosque required further extension in the capacity which was raised to 40,000.
The mosque was built keeping in mind the modern design combined with the Mughal building strategy which prevailed in the sub-continent for centuries together. The shape of the mosque is rectangular which resembles the one like the Holy Mosque Ka’aba in Mecca which is not seen presently in any mosque in Bangladesh.
The building of the mosque can be reached after climbing a number of steps which means that the base of the mosques is higher from the ground. The mosque has 8 stories and the total height from the ground level is said to be 99 feet. The ablution place in the mosque is on the south and north side of the “Shaan” which is 29,000 square feet. The absence of the dome on the main mosque has been replaced by constructing the two entrances in the shape of artificial domes for getting into the porches.
The mosque has been so designed that there are two courtyards without any roof which gives ample space for natural light to enter the prayer hall of the mosque. Usually the Mihrab inside the mosque is semi-circle in shape, but this mosque has been blessed with a rectangle Mihrab. The decoration of the mosque is very simple which is in line with the present day architectural tradition of mosques.
Since the design of the garden resembled like the Mughal gardens, but due to scarcity of planetary, the garden of the mosque failed to have Char-Bagh system. If further extension of the mosque becomes the demand of the time, there is a fear that the garden may have to be removed.