The Jama Masjid, Delhi was constructed between 1650 and 1656 by the Great Mughal Badshah, Shah Jahan, in Delhi. It is a famous mosque, not only in Delhi, but also in the whole of India. This mosque is famous for the Friday congregations and its courtyard can accommodate a gathering of about 25000 people at a time. The mosque is situated in one of the busiest areas of Old Delhi, which is called Chawkri Bazaar Road. The mosque also has many Islamic remainders placed in Cubbyholes at the North Gate of the Mosque. The most unique thing about this mosque is that it has an historic copy of the Muslims Holy Book, the Quran written on the hide of Deer
The foundation stone was laid by the royal leader Shahjahan on Friday October 19, 1650 which fell on 10th of Shawwal 1060 AH. Around 6000 labourers participated in the construction of the mosque which took around six years to complete. In the old days of 17th century, the mosque was completed at a huge amount of Indian Rupees one million.
The mosque has three big entrances, four towers and two Minarets each with a height of 40 meters. The mosque has a hall with the support of 260 pillars engraved with Hindu and Jain custom. The courtyard of the mosque measures 75 meters by 66 meters and has a capacity for 25000 to fit in at one time. The Eastern Gate leads to the hall which houses the Mausoleum of Sultan Ahmed Shah.
One can enter the mosque from three sides that is East, North and South by climbing the stairs which are different in numbers. The measurement of the mosque is 261 feet long and 90 feet wide. The roof is covered with three domes and these domes are adorned with white and black stripes of marble.
On both sides of the domes are Minarets with a height of 130 feet and steps leading to the top of these Minarets are built of white marble and red sandstone
The prayer hall is located under the domes of the mosque and people can enter the prayer hall from any of the seven rounded doors on the West side. The ramparts of the mosque are built of marble up to the height of the waist of a common man.